Dementia- Symptoms, Causes, Care

Dementia is not one disease, it overall describes a larger range of symptoms. The most common or most known type of dementia is Alzheimer’s disease. This type of disease is irreversible, slowly destroying memory and thinking skills.

The most common type of Alzheimer’s disease is the late-onset form which becomes more apparent in people aged in their mid-60s. Genetics may also play a role in developing the disease. The gene that is involved with late-onset Alzheimer’s is apolipoprotein E (APOE). Although this gene has many forms, the one that increases a person’s risk of developing the disease is APOE ε4. Just because a person is carrying the gene does not automatically mean they will develop the disease, and just because you do not have the gene does not mean you will not develop the disease.

The least common version of Alzheimer’s disease is the early-onset type by only representing 5 percent of people with Alzheimer’s. This type occurs in people aged 30-60 years. Most commonly it is developed through an inherited change in one of three genes. For the other people who develop the early-onset Alzheimer’s disease the cause is not known meaning the disease is developed without any specific or apparent reason.

Some symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease include:

  • Difficulty with memory
  • Changes in mood
  • Difficulty finding the right words
  • Apathy
  • Confusion

The best way to determine whether the disease is present is by consulting with a doctor who will review symptoms, ask further questions, and run tests. Observing these symptoms is not effective enough, since the symptoms could be mistaken for a stroke, Parkinson’s disease, medication side effects, an infection, or even non-Alzheimer’s dementia.

Alzheimer’s is still being observed and learned about today, so it is quite unlikely that any drug can completely treat the disease. The best way to maintain your mental health is to include a nutritious diet, physical activity, social engagement, and any form of mental activities such as activities that challenge thinking.

All information found from and

To find out more how to help prevent Alzheimer’s disease you can read the article at

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